Critical Thinking for the Modern Muslim Woman Psychology Student: A Summer in Islamabad


Teaching critical thinking at the International Islamic University - Islamabad (IIU-I) in 2008 gave me a chance to reflect on religion and politics, leftism and anti-imperialism, and to learn more about the region. Some reflections for radical teachers.


Ahmad, Eqbal. 2000. Confronting Empire: Interviews with David Barsamian. South End Press. Boston.

Gardezi, Hamid, and Rashid, Jamil. 1983. Pakistan: Roots of Dictatorship. Zed Press, London.

Hoodbhoy, Pervez. 1991. Islam and Science: Religious Orthodoxy and the Battle for Rationality. Zed Books. London.

Hoodbhoy, Pervez. 1998. Education and the State: Fifty Years of Pakistan. Oxford University Press.

Hoodbhoy, Pervez. 2010. Can the Left Become Relevant to Islamic Pakistan? New Politics Summer 2010, Vol XIII-1, No. 49.

Horton, Myles and Freire, Paolo. 1990. We Make the Road by Walking: Conversations on Education and Social Change. Temple University Press, Philadelphia.

International Crisis Group. 2014. Education Reform in Pakistan. Asia Report No. 257.

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